The route to complexity has been relentless since the Big Bang. As soon as the clock started ticking (literally) the four fundamental forces; gravitationalelectromagneticstrong nuclear, and weak nuclear have been enabling matter to form evermore complex entities. It seems that the direction of the formation of complexity is aligned with that of the arrow of time and that as matter is slower than light’s velocity (which internal clock stands still), those fundamental interactions start pulling matter together enabling interactions that eventually enable the formation of complexity.

This is our path, but perhaps there is another. Matter could have been accelerating from light’s velocity since the Big Bang instead of the deceleration that lead to complexity. Perhaps for every impulse that decelerated matter there is an equal and opposite impulse that accelerated other matter beyond the velocity of light. Moving faster than light, the arrow of time is now in reverse and the fundamental forces now react in a complete opposite fashion; mass now repels instead of attracts, as does the strong nuclear force and the other forces now operate backwards as well. With the arrow of time pointing in the other direction, these fundamental forces now interact to pull matter apart, the result is now not a continuous increase in complexity, but a simplification of this faster-than-light matter, I’ll call this matter enucleatus matter (from Greek, meaning simple) and I postulate that equal to the increase in complexity there is an equal and opposite tendency of enucleatus matter to simplify relentlessly.

From the Big Bang an equivalent amount of matter went beyond light's velocity as below.

From the Big Bang an equivalent amount of matter went beyond light’s velocity as below.

This matter would be extremely hard to detect; faster than light, even simpler than the simplest known particle and behaving oppositely to ordinary matter, although cumulatively, it would have a great influence in the universe. If there would indeed be the same amount of matter faster than light, as there is slower than light, which seems logical, vacuum across galaxies would be abundant with it. It would have mainly a gravitational push effect, since it would remain far away from conventional matter for any of the other forces to have effect.

This means it could be a candidate to explain the observations that lead to the prediction of dark matter and dark energy. Those observations include the rotational behavior of galaxies, where its galactic arms move around as fast as its inner core and much faster than theory would expect. Instead of envisioning extra gravitational forces from within the galaxy originating from dark matter, equally the enucleatus matter could work from outside the galaxy where this matter would reside in a halo around the galaxy, expulsed by its gravity, pushing the stars within the galactic arms to higher velocities.

Rotation curve of a spiral galaxy, where A would be the predicted and B the Observed rotational velocity away from the center. Dark matter has been used to explain this discrepancy.

Rotation curve of a spiral galaxy, where A would be the predicted and B the Observed rotational velocity away from the center. Dark matter has been used to explain this discrepancy.


 

Gravitational lensing, the deformation of light around galaxies, another observation attributed to dark matter, could similarly be explained by the halo of enucleatus matter. Finally, the observation that the universe is actually accelerating, and is not in fact decelerating as one would expect considering our current understanding of gravity, which is attributed to dark energy, could be because the enucleatus matter between galaxies is pushing them apart.

Hence, rather puzzling observations that have been attributed to dark matter and dark energy, could simply be attributed to negative time solutions of known fundamental forces propagating matter equivalent to the amount of known matter to faster than light velocities. Here it accelerates and simplifies continuously whilst pushing the universe apart, whilst its gravitational repulsion interacts with normal matter producing anomalous observations, such as the rotational velocities of galaxies and the halo below.

A galaxy and gravitational lensing, negative gravity effects (gravitational push) might just as well explain it as gravitational pull effects.

A galaxy and gravitational lensing, negative gravity effects (gravitational push) might just as well explain it as gravitational pull effects.